Zambians should avoid inactive lifestyles and engage in regular exercises to keep a healthy heart, Lusaka Apex University dean of the school of pharmacy, nutrition and dietetics, Christopher Sakala, has advised.
He observed that there was need to create public awareness of the high rate at which people died of heart- related diseases in the country.
Dr. Sakala advised that people should endeavour to engage in at least 30 minutes regular exercise daily to burn down the accumulated fats that could obstruct the coronary artery.
“Adequate exercise or trekking for at least 30 minutes per day is one of the most preventive measures against heart attack.
‘‘Zambians should avoid a sedentary lifestyle, they need to take care of themselves; health is very important,” Dr. Sakala said.
He said the coronary blood artery was the vessel that carries the flow of blood to and from the heart. The doctor explained that a blockage in the blood artery weakened the heart muscles and that it would lead to shortage of blood supply, which could result into a heart attack.
He noted that those who were in the habit of sitting down all day long should desist from such lifestyle, stressing that it was dangerous to their health.
Dr. Sakala also advised Zambians against smoking, adding that tobacco was one of the major causes of heart disease.
He urged people to check their blood sugar regularly, adding that 50 per cent of those that have diabetes were at higher risk of having heart related diseases.
Dr. Sakala advised people to go for general medical check-ups at least once in three months for blood pressure, cholesterol level and sugar content in the blood.
According to him, high blood pressure or hypertension, and high cholesterol level were among factors that could predispose people to heart conditions.
“People should eat more fish, fruits, vegetables and low salt intake to keep the heart healthy.
“It is better to take adequate measures and precautions to prevent heart-related conditions; prevention is better than cure,” he said.
Dr. Sakala urged Government to raise more awareness and educate people on the need to create and maintain a healthy heart environment.
“Government should put stringent measures in place which will promote the health of individuals. These policies must be implementable at all levels of Government,” he said.