THE recent news reports that we were supplied with contaminated crude oil are worrying, make sad reading and unacceptable.
Furthermore this culminates into an act of gross negligence by the whole chain of supply coupled with suspected corruption.
The questions that need immediate answers are:
1)Why were quality control guidelines and procedures from the source of supply to point of delivery at Indeni not adhered to as per requirement, i.e. non compliance with laboratory sample tests, and inspection to avert any contaminated substances throughout the chain etc.?
2)Why were relevant import documents, i.e. bills of lading, ISO 9001, bureau of standards, ERB inspection reports, in adherence with the required guidelines and procedures on import of crude oil and petroleum products not scrutinized at the port of loading at source and offloading in Dar before shipment into Tazama pipeline?
3)Was there corruption at play from the whole chain?
4) What damage could this have caused to plant and machinery including other equipment and motor vehicles of our citizenry if this fuel were refined and consumed? Who were to blame?
My assumption and conclusion are that the whole system could be corrupt and needs urgent intervention.
Furthermore ERB and the Ministry of Energy should ensure that quality control and monitoring guidelines and as enshrined in the importation of crude oil and handling of petroleum products from source to point of delivery are strictly followed to avoid receiving contaminated fuel products as reported recently in the media.( See ERB website for detailed guidelines: ( www.erb.org.zm)-. (ERB Quality control and monitoring guidelines for Zambian petroleum products/industry.)
See below extract courtesy from ERB website: www.erb.org.zm Guidelines.
3.3 Handling of Imported Petroleum Products. Imported petroleum products shall be dispatched from the source with batch COQs. The COQ shall be presented to the Zambia Bureau of Standards (ZABS) inspectors at the point of entry for preliminary quality checks. Thereafter, quality checks of varying levels of detail shall be conducted on the product prior to offloading at the final destination.
4.0 Critical stages in the supply chain for quality control and monitoring
Several stages in the handling of both feedstock and finished products are critical when it comes to ensuring that the quality of petroleum products reaching the consumer conforms to respective Zambian standards. These are as outlined in the subsequent subsections:
4.1 Critical Stages during Feedstock handling
The following stages are identified as being critical during feedstock handling:
i) Loading of petroleum feedstock components at loading port; ii) Discharge of petroleum feedstock at discharge port (Dar-es-Salaam); and iii) Receipt and evaluation of feedstock at INDENI Petroleum Refinery (Ndola).
APPENDIX 1: The Zambian Petroleum Chain
Quality Control and Monitoring Guidelines for the Zambian Petroleum Industry Table
STAGE FEEDSTOCK HANDLING STAGE NECCESARY QUALITY CONTROL MEASURE RESPONSIBLE ENTITY
1 Feed stock loading point Certification of product by independent inspector Importer
2 Discharge point (Dar-es-salaam) Quality checks by an independent inspect Importer
3 Receipt point at Refinery Full quality analysis INDENI Petroleum Refinery Operator
Job Lusanso Freelance commercial analyst (retired accountant, CEO- Macmillan Publishers (Z) LTD.